The Effect of Social Support on Adolescent Mental Health: Literatur Review


  • Ana Pujianti Harahap Doctoral Program in Faculty of Public Health Universitas Diponegoro Semarang
  • Andi Daramusseng Doctoral Program in Faculty of Public Health Universitas Diponegoro Semarang
  • Risza Choirunissa Doctoral Program in Faculty of Public Health Universitas Diponegoro Semarang
  • Sri Achadi Nugraheni Nutrition Program in Faculty of Public Health Universitas Diponegoro Semarang



Adolescents, family, friends, mental health, social support


Adolescence is a period that experiences many changes in hormonal, physical, psychological, and social aspects. If not controlled properly, these changes can lead to mental disorders in adolescents. This study aims to explore the relationship between social support and adolescent mental health through literature review. The review analyzed articles sourced from Google Scholar, PubMed, and ScienceDirect as a database with a range of publications between 2012-2022 using the keywords mental health, social support, and adolescents. There were 13 articles that met the inclusion criteria. The result showed that adolescents' mental health is largely determined by the social support surrounding them. Adolescents who lack social support from their families, teachers, and peers will result in bad effects of their mental health. The social support of the nuclear family, especially parents, played a very important role in adolescent mental health. In addition, the factor of the history of adolescents also needed to be considered as a risk factor. Therefore, there is a need for interventions in understanding social support to families, teachers, and adolescents, as well as further research in this topic.


Download data is not yet available.


Batubara JRL. Adolescent Development (Perkembangan Remaja). Sari Pediatri. 2010; 12(1): 21-29.

Presiden Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 18 Tahun 2014 tentang Kesehatan Jiwa. Jakarta: Kementerian Sekretariat Negara RI; 2014.

World Health Organization. Adolescent Health. (Online) 2020. [accessed 2023 April 10].

World Health Organization. Mental Health. (Online) 2018. [accessed 2022 November 6].

Keliat BA, Triana R, and Sulistiowati NMD. The Relationship between Self-Esteem, Family Relationships and Social Support as the Protective Factors and Adolescent Mental Health. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews. 2019; 7(1): 41–47.

Van Droogenbroeck F, Spruyt B, and Keppens G. Gender Differences in Mental Health Problems among Adolescents and the Role of Social Support: Results from the Belgian Health Interview Surveys 2008 and 2013. BMC Psychiatry. 2018; 18(1): 1-9.

Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. Mental Health. (Online) 2022. healthyyouth/mental-health/index.htm [accessed 2023 April 10]

Karaer Y and Akdemir D. Parenting Styles, Perceived Social Support and Emotion Regulation in Adolescents with Internet Addiction. Comprehensif Psychiatry. 2019; 92: 22–27.

Hellfeldt K, López-Romero L, and Andershed H. Cyberbullying and Psychological Well-Being in Young Adolescence: The Potential Protective Mediation Effects of Social Support from Family, Friends, and Teachers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 17(1): 1-16.

Moore GF, Cox R, Evans RE, et al. School, Peer and Family Relationships and Adolescent Substance Use, Subjective Wellbeing and Mental Health Symptoms in Wales: A Cross Sectional Study. Child Indicators Research. 2018; 11(6): 1951–1965.

Wan Y, Chen R, Ma S, et al. Associations of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Social Support with Self-Injurious Behaviour and Suicidality in Adolescents. The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science. 2019; 214(3): 146–152.

Idris S, van Pelt BJ, Jagersma G, et al. A Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Effectiveness of the Dutch Version of the Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS). BMC Psychiatry. 2022; 22(1): 1–16.

Weintraub MJ, Schneck CD, Posta F, et al. Effects of Family Intervention on Psychosocial Functioning and Mood Symptoms of Youth at High Risk for Bipolar Disorder. Journal of Consulting Clinical Psychology. 2022; 90(2): 161–171.

Tang Y, Diao H, Jin F, Pu Y, and Wang H. The Effect of Peer Education Based on Adolescent Health Education on the Resilience of Children and Adolescents: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS One. 2022; 17(2): 1–18.

Chau K, Kabuth B, and Chau N. Gender and Family Disparities in Suicide Attempt and Role of Socioeconomic, School, and Health-Related Difficulties in Early Adolescence. BioMed Research International. 2014; 2014: 1-14.

Morin AH. Promoting Positive Social Classroom Environments to Enhance Students' Mental Health? Effectiveness of a School-Based Programme in Norway. International Journal of Educational Research. 2022; 113: 1-14.

Mazhin AMK, Harouni GG, Sajjadi H, and Seddighi H. Examining the Relationship between Social Support and Tendency to Substance Use Among Iranian Earthquake Survivors: The Mediating Role of Positive Mental Health. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2022; 77: 1-8.

Culpin I, Heuvelman H, Dheeraj Rai, et al. Father Absence and Trajectories of Offspring Mental Health Across Adolescence and Young Adulthood: Findings from a UK-Birth Cohort. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2022; 314: 150–259.

Alsubaie MM, Stain HJ, Webster LAD, and Wadman R. The Role of Sources of Social Support on Depression and Quality of Life for University Students. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth. 2019; 24(4): 484–496.

Quinlan-Davidson M, Kiss L, Devakumar D, Cortina-Borja M, Eisner M, and Peres MFT. The Role of Social Support in Reducing the Impact of Violence on Adolescents' Mental Health in São Paulo, Brazil. PLoS One. 2021; 16(10): 1–20.

Madinah S, Rahfiludin MZ, and Nugraheni SA. Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang Pendewasaan Usia Perkawinan (Studi pada Remaja di SMP Nu 06 Kedungsuren Kabupaten Kendal). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro. 2017; 5(1): 332–340.



2024-02-29 — Updated on 2024-02-29



Literature Review